Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF

Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Kent E. Portney

Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Kent E. Portney

A concise and accessible examination of sustainability in a range of contemporary contexts, from economic development to government policy.

The word “sustainability” has been connected to everything from a certain kind of economic development to corporate promises about improved supply sourcing. But despite the apparent ubiquity of the term, the concept of sustainability has come to mean a number of specific things. In this accessible guide to the meanings of sustainability, Kent Portney describes the evolution of the idea and examines its application in a variety of contemporary contexts—from economic growth and consumption to government policy and urban planning.

Portney takes as his starting point the 1987 definition by the World Commission on Environment and Development of sustainability as economic development activity that “meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” At its heart, Portney explains, sustainability focuses on the use and depletion of natural resources. It is not the same as environmental protection or natural resource conservation; it is more about finding some sort of steady state so that the earth can support both human population and economic growth.

Portney looks at political opposition to the promotion of sustainability, which usually questions the need for sustainability or calls its costs unacceptable; collective and individual consumption of material goods and resources and to what extent they must be curtailed to achieve sustainability; the role of the private sector, and the co-opting of sustainability by corporations; government policy on sustainability at the international, national, and subnational levels; and how cities could become models for sustainability action.

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Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Rebecca L. Henn, Andrew J. Hoffman

Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Rebecca L. Henn, Andrew J. Hoffman

Experts consider green construction and the social, institutional, and cultural changes associated with it, through a sociological and organizational lens.

Buildings are the nation’s greatest energy consumers. Forty percent of all our energy is used for heating, cooling, lighting, and powering machines and devices in buildings. And despite decades of investment in green construction technologies, residential and commercial buildings remain stubbornly energy inefficient. This book looks beyond the technological and material aspects of green construction to examine the cultural, social, and organizational shifts that sustainable building requires, examining the fundamental challenge to centuries-long traditions in design and construction that green building represents.

The contributors consider the changes associated with green building through a sociological and organizational lens. They discuss shifts in professional expertise created by new social concerns about green building, including evolving boundaries of professional jurisdictions; changing industry strategies and structures, including the roles of ownership, supply firms, and market niches; new operational, organizational, and cultural arrangements, including the mainstreaming of environmental concerns; narratives and frames that influence the perception of green building; and future directions for the theory and practice of sustainable construction. The essays offer uniquely multidisciplinary insights into the transformative potential of green building and the obstacles that must be overcome to make it the norm.

Contributors
Lauren Barhydt, Clayton Bartczak, Lyn Bartram, Olivier Berthod, Nicole Woolsey Biggart, Lenora Bohren, Bertien Broekhans, William Browning, Zinta S. Byrne, Michael Conger, Jennifer E. Cross, David Deal, Beth M. Duckles, Brian Dunbar, Robert Eccles, Amy Edmondson, Bill Franzen, Ronald Fry, Rebecca L. Henn, Jock Herron, Stephen Hockley, Andrew J. Hoffman, Kathryn B. Janda, Nitin Joglekar, Gavin Killip, Alison G. Kwok, Larissa Larsen, Michelle A. Meyer, Christine Mondor, Monica Ponce de Leon, Nicholas B. Rajkovich, Stuart Reeve, Johnny Rodgers, Garima Sharma, Geoffrey Thün, Ellen van Bueren, Kathy Velikov, Rohit Verma, Robert Woodbury, Jeffrey G. York, Jie Zhang

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Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by T. E. Graedel, E. van der Voet

Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by T. E. Graedel, E. van der Voet

Experts discuss the multiple components of sustainability, the constraints imposed by their linkages, and the necessity of taking a comprehensive view.

Humanity faces immense hurdles as it struggles to define the path toward a sustainable future. The multiple components of sustainability, all of which demand attention, make understanding the very concept of sustainability itself a challenge. Information about whether global agriculture can be made sustainable, for example, or calculations of the global need for water are useless unless we understand how these issues connect to each other and to other components of sustainability. In this book, experts engage in an extended dialogue concerning these linkages, arguing for a comprehensive view of sustainability. They emphasize the constraints imposed by the relationships among the components–for example, how the need for clean, easily accessible water intersects with the need for the energy required to provide it–and distinguish those constraints that may pose severe limitations on humanity’s future from those of less concern. The book also highlights areas for future research and debate.

Linkages of Sustainability urges a transformation in the way we view sustainability–a transformation that is necessary if we are to plan responsibly for a more sustainable world.

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Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Barbara J. Eckstein, James A. Throgmorton

Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Barbara J. Eckstein, James A. Throgmorton

Story and Sustainability explores the role of story in planning theory and practice, with the goal of creating U.S. cities able to balance competing claims for economic growth, environmental health, and social justice. In the book, urban practitioners and scholars from fields as diverse as American studies, English, geography, history, planning, and criminal justice reflect critically on the traditional exclusionary power of storytelling and on its potential to facilitate the transformations of imagination, theory, and practice necessary to create sustainable, democratic American cities. The book begins with an editors’ introduction identifying story, sustainable U.S. cities, and democracy as the three key themes. Part I advances and refines these concepts, connects them to contemporary U.S. urban planning, and provides tools that can be used when reading and interpreting the texts in part II. Part II exemplifies, amplifies, and modifies the key themes and arguments through the presentation of eight texts: theoretical and experiential, academic and nonacademic, expository and narrative, and familiar and unfamiliar. The combined focus on story and urban sustainability makes this book a unique contribution to planning literature.

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Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Frank Uekötter

Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Frank Uekötter

An account of German environmentalism that shows the influence of the past on today’s environmental decisions.

Germany enjoys an enviably green reputation. Environmentalists in other countries applaud its strict environmental laws, its world-class green technology firms, its phase-out of nuclear power, and its influential Green Party. Germans are proud of these achievements, and environmentalism has become part of the German national identity. In The Greenest Nation? Frank Uekötter offers an overview of the evolution of German environmentalism since the late nineteenth century. He discusses, among other things, early efforts at nature protection and urban sanitation, the Nazi experience, and civic mobilization in the postwar years. He shows that much of Germany’s green reputation rests on accomplishments of the 1980s, and emphasizes the mutually supportive roles of environmental nongovernmental organizations, corporations, and the state.

Uekötter looks at environmentalism in terms of civic activism, government policy, and culture and life, eschewing the usual focus on politics, prophets, and NGOs. He also views German environmentalism in an international context, tracing transnational networks of environmental issues and actions and discussing German achievements in relation to global trends. Bringing his discussion up to the present, he shows the influence of the past on today’s environmental decisions. As environmentalism is wrestling with the challenges of the twenty-first century, Germany could provide a laboratory for the rest of the world.

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Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Ken Geiser Kenneth Geiser

Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Ken Geiser Kenneth Geiser

The products we purchase and use are assembled from a wide range of naturally occurring and manufactured materials. But too often we create hazards for the ecosystem and human health as we mine, process, distribute, use, and dispose of these materials. Until recently, most research has focused on the waste end of material cycles. This book argues that the safest and least costly point at which to avoid environmental damage is when materials are first designed and selected for use in industrial production. Materials Matter presents convincing evidence that we can use fewer materials and eliminate the use of many toxic chemicals by focusing directly on material (chemical) use when products are designed. It also shows how manufacturers can save money by increasing the effectiveness of material use and reducing the use of toxic chemicals. It advocates new directions for the material sciences and government policies on materials. And it argues that manufacturers, suppliers, and customers need to set more socially responsible policies for products and services to achieve higher environmental and health goals.

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Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Francisco Szekely, Zahir Dossa

Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Francisco Szekely, Zahir Dossa

A pragmatic new business model for sustainability that outlines eight steps that range from exploring a mission to promoting innovation; with case studies.

Many recent books make the case for businesses to become more sustainable, but few explain the specifics. In this book, Francisco Szekely and Zahir Dossa offer a pragmatic new business model for sustainability that extends beyond the traditional framework of the triple bottom line, describing eight steps that range from exploring a vision and establishing a strategy to implementing the strategy and promoting innovation.

Szekely and Dossa argue that businesses and organizations need to move away from the business case for sustainability toward a sustainable business model. That is, businesses should go beyond the usual short-term focus on minimizing harm while maximizing profits. Instead, businesses on the path to sustainability should, from the start, focus on addressing a societal need and view profitability not as an end but as a means to support the sustainable organization.

Szekely and Dossa explore key problems organizations face when pursuing a sustainability agenda. Each chapter presents one of the eight steps, describes a business dilemma for sustainability, provides a theoretically grounded strategic framework, offers case studies that illustrate the dilemma, and summarizes key findings; the case studies draw on the experiences of such companies as Tesla Motors, Patagonia, TOMs, and Panera. The book emphasizes leadership, arguing that leaders who question the status quo, inspire others, and take risks are essential for achieving sustainable business practices.

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Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Michael Buckland

Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Michael Buckland

A short, informal account of our ever-increasing dependence on a complex multiplicity of messages, records, documents, and data.

We live in an information society, or so we are often told. But what does that mean? This volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series offers a concise, informal account of the ways in which information and society are related and of our ever-increasing dependence on a complex multiplicity of messages, records, documents, and data. Using information in its everyday, nonspecialized sense, Michael Buckland explores the influence of information on what we know, the role of communication and recorded information in our daily lives, and the difficulty (or ease) of finding information. He shows that all this involves human perception, social behavior, changing technologies, and issues of trust.

Buckland argues that every society is an “information society”; a “non-information society” would be a contradiction in terms. But the shift from oral and gestural communication to documents, and the wider use of documents facilitated by new technologies, have made our society particularly information intensive. Buckland describes the rising flood of data, documents, and records, outlines the dramatic long-term growth of documents, and traces the rise of techniques to cope with them. He examines the physical manifestation of information as documents, the emergence of data sets, and how documents and data are discovered and used. He explores what individuals and societies do with information; offers a basic summary of how collected documents are arranged and described; considers the nature of naming; explains the uses of metadata; and evaluates selection methods, considering relevance, recall, and precision.

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Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Kent E. Portney

Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Kent E. Portney

A theoretically driven comparison of sustainability programs in American cities, updated with the latest research and additional case studies.

Today most major cities have undertaken some form of sustainability initiative. Yet there have been few systematic comparisons across cities, or theoretically grounded considerations of what works and what does not, and why. In Taking Sustainable CitiesSeriously, Kent Portney addresses this gap, offering a comprehensive overview and analysis of sustainability programs and policies in American cities. After discussing the conceptual underpinnings of sustainability, he examines the local aspects of sustainability; considers the measurement of sustainability and offers an index of “serious” sustainability for the fifty-five largest cities in the country; examines the relationship between sustainability and economic growth; and discusses issues of governance, equity, and implementation. He also offers extensive case studies, with separate chapters on large, medium-size, and small cities, and provides an empirically grounded analysis of why some large cities are more ambitious than others in their sustainability efforts.

This second edition has been updated throughout, with new material that draws on the latest research. It also offers numerous additional case studies, a new chapter on management and implementation issues, and a greatly expanded comparative analysis of big-city sustainability initiatives.

Portney shows how cities use the broad rubric of sustainability to achieve particular political ends, and he dispels the notion that only cities that are politically liberal are interested in sustainability. Taking Sustainable Cities Seriously draws a roadmap for effective sustainability initiatives.

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Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Randall Curren, Ellen Metzger

Read Sustainability (The Mit Press Essential Knowledge Series) Books PDF by Randall Curren, Ellen Metzger

A philosopher and a scientist propose that sustainability can be understood as living well together without diminishing opportunity to live well in the future.

Most people acknowledge the profound importance of sustainability, but few can define it. We are ethically bound to live sustainably for the sake of future generations, but what does that mean? In this book Randall Curren, a philosopher, and Ellen Metzger, a scientist, clarify normative aspects of sustainability. Combining their perspectives, they propose that sustainability can be understood as the art of living well together without diminishing opportunity to live well in the future.

Curren and Metzger lay out the nature and value of sustainability, survey the problems, catalog the obstacles, and identify the kind of efforts needed to overcome them. They formulate an ethic of sustainability with lessons for government, organizations, and individuals, and illustrate key ideas with three case studies. Curren and Metzger put intergenerational justice at the heart of sustainability; discuss the need for fair (as opposed to coercive) terms of cooperation to create norms, institutions, and practices conducive to sustainability; formulate a framework for a fundamental ethic of sustainability derived from core components of common morality; and emphasize the importance of sustainability education. The three illustrative case studies focus on the management of energy, water, and food systems, examining the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill, Australia’s National Water Management System, and patterns of food production in the Mekong region of Southeast Asia.

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Constructing Green
Language: en
Pages: 399

Constructing Green

Authors: Rebecca L. Henn, Andrew J. Hoffman
Categories: Architecture
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013-08-02 - Publisher: MIT Press
They discuss shifts in professional expertise created by new social concerns about green building, including evolving boundaries of professional jurisdictions; changing industry strategies and structures, including the roles of ownership, supply firms, and market niches; new operational, organizational, and cultural arrangements, including the mainstreaming of environmental concerns; narratives and frames
Story and Sustainability
Language: en
Pages: 267

Story and Sustainability

Authors: Barbara J. Eckstein
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2003 - Publisher: MIT Press
Urban practitioners and scholars from various disciplines explore the role of storytelling in the effort to create sustainable American cities.
Sustainability
Language: en
Pages: 248

Sustainability

Authors: Kent E. Portney
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-10-09 - Publisher: MIT Press
A concise and accessible examination of sustainability in a range of contemporary contexts, from economic development to government policy.
Information and Society
Language: en
Pages: 232

Information and Society

Authors: Michael Buckland
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines
Type: BOOK - Published: 2017-03-03 - Publisher: MIT Press
A short, informal account of our ever-increasing dependence on a complex multiplicity of messages, records, documents, and data.
Design, When Everybody Designs
Language: en
Pages: 256

Design, When Everybody Designs

Authors: Ezio Manzini, Rachel Coad
Categories: Design
Type: BOOK - Published: 2015-02-20 - Publisher: MIT Press
The role of design, both expert and nonexpert, in the ongoing wave of social innovation toward sustainability.